He extends his sword and then utters these words:
“My name is Inigo Montoya, you killed my father, prepare to die.”
The most memorable part of this fight scene are these words. But why?
To find the answer, I wanted to know more about writing effective fight and action scenes. My novel has several of these scenes, so I did some research to maximize their punch.
I found some great articles on the web and as I read them, I kept coming across some recurring themes.
- Action scenes in books are different than action scenes in movies. A blow-by-blow fight between characters doesn’t come across as exciting on the page as it does on the screen. Describing every detail bores the reader.
- Action scenes must further the plot. They should do this in both movies and books.
- Action scenes must advance characterization. Why is the protagonist fighting? The fight, the action must relate to the character’s goals.
- Action scenes should increase the suspense, the tension and up the odds. Writer John Rogers says, “… this is one of the reasons The Matrix still holds up, and the sequels are two of the most boring movies I have ever, ever, ever seen.” I have thought the same thing over and over since I saw those last two movies.
- Action scenes should be unique and have interesting settings. One fight scene looks like another. An interesting setting can make it more memorable.
I also found some contradicting advice. Writer K.M. Weiland says:
“Make sure you use [dialogue] to your advantage by breaking up descriptions of action with story-advancing (and perhaps scintillatingly witty?) dialogue.”
While writer Alan Baxter says:
“There is no dialogue while fighting. It never goes like that. You don’t have time, although there may be a few sharp words but no conversation.”
Remember Montoya’s famous piece of dialogue? It’s totally appropriate. It had been repeated throughout the story and when he finally finds his father’s actual killer, it’s thrilling. Also, he says it before the fight begins, so it serves as a war cry.
Both of the writers I just quoted suggest using short sentences and one or two word pieces of dialogue. Good advice for fight scenes.
Here are the excellent articles:
- The Kung Fu Panda Guide to Writing Action Scenes by K.M. Weiland
- Writing Action Scenes by John Rogers
- How To Write Fight Scenes With Alan Baxter by Joanna Penn
- UPDATE: How to Write Realistic Fight Scenes by A.J. Scudiere
- Comb through your story or novel and analyze each fight or action scene. Does it develop character? Does it advance the plot? Is dialogue used appropriately? Does it create suspense?
- Find a favorite novel and go through it looking for action scenes. Do they work? Could you improve upon them?
- Do more research and find more articles on writing action scenes. Do you see recurring advice? What other tips can you find for writing these scenes?